Mountains in Uganda
Rwenzori Mountains In Uganda
It’s formerly spelled as (Ruwenzori) is a spectacular mountain range located in Africa on the border of Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
The range is not volcanic but consists of crystalline rock that moved upward from the earth’s crust that couldn’t miss out on your tour to Africa.
Ancient people called the range “the Mountains of the Moon.” Ptolemy, the Alexandrian geographer, first used this name on a map.
The mountains were thought to be the source of the Nile River. Indeed, melting snows from the range do feed some of the farthest Nile tributaries.
The range is only 80 miles long but contains one of the most dramatic diversities of ecosystems in the world, for here within just a few miles from each other are the heat of tropical jungles and the cold of glacial ice. In fact, there are five distinct zones of habitation generating a world of amazing biodiversity.
The origin of the name rwenzori
It got its new name Rwenzori by European explorer Henry M. Stanley, after a native word meaning “rain maker.” Indeed, the Rwenzori IS a rain maker, for up to 350 days a year rain falls on these mountains, feeding the dense foliage.
Tropical Forest and Savanna Grasslands
On its base you find animals moving in a group the likes of elephants, zebras. It is mostly between about 3,000 and 5,500 feet (914 – 1,676 m.). Above the grasslands is the Rainforest from 5,500 to 7,500 feet (1,676 – 2,286m.).
The Bamboo Forest
The jungle BAMBOO forest is one the unique things that you couldn’t miss, reaching up to around 9,500 feet (2,895 m.). Bamboo, a type of grass, can grow up to three feet a day here, and reach over a hundred feet in only two months! So, this type of forest is one of unique habitats you couldn’t miss to walk through.
Mt Moroto mountain stands at 3,082 meters above sea level in the Karamoja region in the North East of Uganda.
Over the last few decades the region has witnessed war and conflict which has left its peaks predominantly unclimbed. Recently there has been a large-scale amnesty on guns and dip in the levels of violence.
There is a forest reserve protecting a range of habitats from arid thorn Savannah to dry montane forest.
Although a long hike is required to reach the higher areas, excellent arid thorn Savannah and rocky slopes are accessible from the town at the foot of the mountain.
This mountain is located in the far southwestern corner of Uganda bordering Rwanda and Congo, it ranges 33 square kilometer in Uganda, 14 km from Kisoro town in Bufumbira County about 540 km from Kampala-the capital. Mgahinga National Ranges was gazetted in 1991.
Thus this mountain comprise of the northern slopes of the three northern most Virunga Volcanoes namely; the 3,474 m high Mt. Gahinga , Mt. Muhavura (4,127 m), and Mt. Sabinyo (3,645 m).
So, these ranges are bordered to the south by the Republic of Rwanda and to the west by the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Each of these surrounding countries protects its own share of the Virungas.
Thus Mgahinga has a total land area of 33.7 sq. km, just 8% of the Virunga Conservation Area. Therefore, this mountain experience two wet rainy seasons; February – May and September- December of each year. Hence the maximum amount of rainfall it receives in a year is 250mm-October and Minimum is 10mm -July.